Acne Symptoms And Causes And How You Can Treat Them
What is Acne
Do you see red pimples on your face every now and then? Do you try to pop them out without knowing its consequences? Well, you must stop popping them out immediately because they can leave unwanted scars on your face. For those who are not aware of what these are, they are known as acne. It is a type of skin condition that happens when there is an excess secretion of oil in your body. During hormonal changes, the oil glands tend to secrete more oil than normal and this often leads to accumulation of oil in the pores of your small facial hair along with dust particles and bacteria. As a result, there are red spots on your face and the acne starts to develop.
Signs and Symptoms
If you have never had acne before, then you should better know what the signs or symptoms are because you will be able to go see a doctor or start with some treatment to get rid of them. Here are some of the basic symptoms and signs that will help you understand when you are getting acne:
1. Scarring of your skin
2. Crusting of your skin bumps
3. Pustules and papules
4. Whiteheads and blackheads
Although it is tough to prevent acne because it is not possible to control the secretion of the oil glands, you can always try to keep your skin clean and clear to avoid the possibilities of acne. Even if you do get affected by it, there are various ways of treating acne and they are completely safe.
Causes of Acne
In addition to the secretion of oil glands, there are several other reasons why acne can happen to your face and other parts of the body. Given below are some of the causes given below:
Eating spicy or oily food – Spicy food generally has peppers and tomatoes as their ingredients that contain acidic lycopene. This can create an imbalance in the pH level of the skin and acne will be the outcome.
Skin Products – There are numerous skin products that can clog the pores of your skin. This has a direct effect on your skin and acne is almost inevitable.
Not cleaning your face – Many people do not wash their face after a long day’s work. This clogs the pores quite easily and it can trigger acne very quickly.
Types of Acne
Just like there are different causes of acne, there are various types of acne as well. The type of skin is a vital factor to decide what type of acne will occur to which person. Following are some of types of acne that you should know about:
Comedonal – People who have too much of clogged pores in there are skin are more prone to having comedonal acne.
Cystic Acne – These create a scar on the face and a deep inflammation takes place in the skin. This is a very severe stage of acne.
Inflammatory – Blackheads, whiteheads and red bumps are the most common types that come under inflammatory acne. They are quite random and go away quickly.
Treatments for Acne
There is not one, but many treatment for acne. Starting from home acne treatments to various surgeries, you have plenty of options to get rid of those irritating acnes on your face and body. Here are some of the most popular ways of acne treatments that you can try:
Topical Medications – Depending on the type of acne you have and your skin condition, the doctor can suggest various types of medicines that will help get rid of the acne. In addition to medicines, the doctor can also suggest topical lotions and creams that are very effective to treat acne. Some of the common medicines that are prescribed by doctors are Isotretinoin, tretinoin (Retin-A), tetracycline, Salicylic acid like Strides or Propa pH, spironolactone, erythromycin, clindamycin and many others.
Oral Medications – In addition to creams and lotions, there are oral medicines as well for treating acne. Topical renoid and benzoyl peroxide are the most prescribed medicines for acne treatments.
Therapies – You will find various therapies that help in the treatment for acne. Chemical peel, light therapy, extracting blackheads and whiteheads and steroid injections can be tried to remove acne and acne scars from your skin. This kind of acne treatment is best for those who do not want to take too much of medicine.
Non-pharmaceutical Acne Treatments – Home remedies for acne treatments are considered the safest option by many. One of the reasons why home remedies are preferred as the primary treatment for acne is because they do not have any kind of side effects.
Acne is a common skin problem for people and it needs to be addressed as soon as possible because no one would like to have a spot on their face or body.